AGATES. Agates belong to a cryptocrystalline variety of "Quartz", otherwise known as Chalcedony. This group includes the following well known stones: all Agates, Agatised wood, Banded Agates, Bloodstone or Heliotrope, Chalcedony, Carnelian, Chrysophrase, Eyed Agates, Fortification Agates, Hornstone, Jasper, Moss Agate or Mocha stone, Onyx, Plasma, Phrase, Sard, and Sardonyx. BANDED AGATE. A very light grey blue colour, which is sometimes produced by artificial dyes, this stone is opaque to semi transparent. Its colour makes it a calming comtemplatory stone. - Supports retreat and spirituality. - Encouraging a calm and contempletary view of life. - It aids concentration and is helpful in the positive regulation of our affairs. - It is helpful for the conscious digesting of life's experiences. - Leads to spiritual maturity, growth, inner stability and a sense of reality. - It gives protection by dissolving internal tensions. - Creates a better resistance to external influences. - It stimulates the memory, helping to analyse problems to their root causes. - Helps to find simple, practical solutions and to put them into action. BLUE LACE AGATE. Usually a bluish-white or grey colour. The "lace" refers to the gentle layered look usually seen in this stone. It ranges from opaque to semi translucent. Its cool subtle colour reflect the peaceful calming qualities of this stone, which, by relieving stress and promoting good will, lightens situations and nurtures maternal impulses. - A maternal stone. - Bestows peace, fortitude, happiness and security. - Encourages contemplation, and calms the atmosphere. - Reduces inner tension. Said to be a distressing stone. - Placates family conflicts. - Uncovers and discovers. - Encourages rationality and logic. GREEN AGATE. This is a hard stone, which takes a high polish and comes in a large variety of colours. These days the green colour is usually achieved through the use of modern synthetic dyes. This in no way detracts from the strengths of the Agate, but instead adds to it the qualities of the colour. It is a semi translucent stone. Not only does this stone improve self-esteem and confidence; but also it promotes peace and harmony by means of honest, eloquent communication. - Helps communication, through diplomacy and eloquence. - Improves self-esteem. - Promotes harmony. MOSS AGATE. A variety of Chalcedony, it is a semi opaque stone, ranging in colour from clear and pale to light blue with moss green like inclusions. Throughout history, because of its organic appearance, this stone has been though to enhance a love of nature. It is sometimes called Mocha stone. - Unblocks, thereby encouraging new initiatives, especially after long periods of doubts and hesitation. - Bestows inspiration, making it possible to begin anew, over and over again. - It calms passion and violence, helping to solve highly emotional situations. - Considered to be powerful in healing addictions such as alcoholism. - It cleanses the soul and restores wit. - Symbolic of true emotions; it binds friends and commits lovers. TREE AGATE. This variety of Agate is a white form with green veins blended all over it. The green colour varies from light olive green to dark forest green. A stone which is effective over a long period of time, not good as a quick fix. - Encourages inner peace through certainty. - Brings awareness of personal strengths, thus creating security and stability. - Strengthens endurance and constancy. - Gives courage in situations in which one feels vulnerable and bereft of power. - Helps to see difficulties as challenges. - Awakens the warrior within. AMAZONITE. The colour of this stone ranges from very light turquoise to aqua green. It has a sort of flaky appearance, the flakes having different shades of colour. It is opaque. A stone that works on the inner self developing qualities of the individual, helping them towards personal awareness, aiding their creative imagination; clarifying vision and leading them towards God. - Restores and promotes intuition, imagination and creativity. - Soothes and strengthens personal awareness. - Inspires trust in God. - Removes apprehension and sadness. - Clarifies vision. AMBER. This is not a true stone but petrified natural resin from the primeval forests. The colour ranges from yellow, orange, red to brown, sometimes with black inclusions or with flakes. Sometimes containing insects and vegetation. It can be found completely transparent or completely opaque. Amber, called "Elektrikon" by the Greeks, because of its magnetic therapeutic properties, has always been greatly sought after, and is said to represent life and the sun. It repels negative influences, attracts friendship and love, and last but not least it is thought to increase pleasure during sexual activities. - A stone of life and the sun. - Highly magnetic and therapeutic. - Effective against negative magic. - Considered especially protective of children. - Restores energy and beauty. - Helps the lonely and lovelorn to overcome their circumstances. - Highly sensual, it increases the enjoyment of all things, including sex. AMETHYST. The colour of this stone ranges from dark violet to light lilac, and the transparency ranges from clear to cloudy. The clearer the stone the greater the quality. Sometimes it is banded with a full range of its colour in one specimen. The ancient Greeks used to place it at the bottom of their wine cups in order to prevent inebriation. Hence the name. It is considered to have a highly spiritual energy, which sharpens the mind, promoting wisdom, good judgment, and moral courage. It calms anger, violence and other negative passions, whilst inspiring true emotions and truly committed love and friendship. - This stone has no negative aspects. - A highly spiritual stone connecting earth with heaven. - Sharpens all aspects of the mind, bringing awareness and good judgment. - Said to be soul cleansing. - Brings clarity through wisdom and courage. - Keeps the individual in line with their life goals. - Considered to be healing and preventative of all sorts of addiction, especially alcoholism. - Calming in highly wrought emotional situations. - Symbolic of true emotional love. - When given it is thought to strengthen commitment. - Protective against guilt, fear and self-deception. APACHE'S TEAR. This is a transparent form of Obsidian, and dark brown in colour. Obsidian is Lava which has cooled so fast that the minerals contained have not had the time to form. It is a natural form of glass. It is said that the Apache women cried so many tears that they cried for the whole world, and therefore thought that he who possesses an Apache Tear, will be protected from tears and sorrow, and need not ever cry another as all tears have already been shed. Hence the name. It is thought to promote courage, willpower and self-reliance. - Powerful at warding of tearful experiences. - Increases physical energy, courage, willpower and self-reliance. AQUAMARINE. Aquamarines are a light blue variety of Beryl, usually a very light blue, varying in paleness. They range from completely transparent to milky. Its soothing beautiful colour brings back memories of blue lakes and seas. Mystical and pure, it opens the world of the subconscious, towards a restored innocence and youthful attitude. By soothing emotions and bestowing patience and vision, it promotes the flow of communication between friends, lovers, and within families, smoothing the path of interaction. - Powerfully psychic stone related to the sea and its magic. - The stone of pure soul seers and mystics. - Opens the subconscious, promoting innocence and youthful energy. - Calms and soothes the emotions, bestowing patience. - Helpful in releasing the flow of communication between friends, lovers and relatives, smoothing the path of interaction. - Imparts courage and strength. Improves self-confidence and the ability to stand one's ground. - It creates a warm and true heart. AVENTURINE. This is an opaque stone, giving the impression of being made up of a multitude of tiny flakes or fibres. Although the most familiar colour is a light mint green colour, Aventurines are also found red, yellow, dark green, including a dark indigo blue form, called "Vivianite". A stone with apparently contradictory properties. It brings mental powers and level-headedness and encourages adventures and risky situations. People with a strong individuality will find that this stone promotes their creativity. It is thought to be the stone for Gamblers, and said to attract luck and wealth. - Said to increase mental powers whilst dispelling aggressive feelings. - The stone of original and independent individuals, stimulating creativity and imagination. - Also the stone of gamblers, giving increased luck in games of hazard, it is said to attract money and wealth. - It brings unexpected and surprising adventures, including love. - It calms troubled emotions, promoting sleep and dreams. - Said to encourage a love of nature. - Liberates from pressure and stress. - Releases deeply held fears, replacing them with trust and hope. - It refreshes and energises the soul. - Enlivens the intellect, enhancing certainty, bringing understanding even in the most difficult circumstances. - It encourages the ability to communicate. BLOODSTONE/HELIOTROPE. Heliotrope is the name given to a green form of Jasper. Ranging in colour from a dark green with red flecks, to a grey green, again with red flecks. It is because of the inclusion of the flecks of red Jasper that the stone is often called "Bloodstone". Another reason for this name is that it is thought to be very effective in staunching hemorrhages. This is stone worn by those seeking victory through wisdom, courage and discretion, since it is also thought to bestow invisibility. It is believed that it bestows the protection of the original owner onto the new owner. It helps to prevail over competitors and adversaries, both in business dealings, court cases and other conflicting interests. It opens the past and brings prophetic dreams. - It bestows wisdom, calms anger, and dispels fears. - Promotes fellow feelings and general unselfishness. - It gives physical strength, but also courage. - Said to bring victory over all forms of opponents. - Thought to bestow invisibility, and therefore worn by those wishing to keep a low profile. - It gives glimpses into the past, bringing prophetic dreams. - Said to attract money, and therefore lucky in business and competitions. - Helps the wearer to adjust to unexpected events and to control situations. CALCITE. A semi transparent to opaque stone with a flaky, fibrous quality. The colour ranges from red, through orange to yellow, but is also found green, pink and blue. The white form is known as Iceland spar and is transparent. Calcite has been used for thousands of years in folk medicine. It should be worn over long periods of time as a hand comforter or as a pendent. - Said to balance male and female polarities. - Helps children to develop, and adults to recover positive attitudes. - Depending on its colour, it reflects the energy of the sun and fire, or of the moon, and therefore spirituality and purification. - It increases powers of communication, promoting eloquence and strengthening the voice. - It protects the wearer against envy. - This is the stone of blood ties, promoting family unity and love. - Inspires sexual energy. CARNELIAN. "Carnelian" or "Cornelian" is the name given to the red to orange form of Agate, and means "flesh coloured one". It is a semi transparent stone, sometimes banded. A cheerful, adaptable stone, presiding over family unity. It protects the wearer against an overheated imagination, feelings of jealousy, confusion and doubts, whilst bestowing self-confidence to the shy and timid. By the same token, it increases powers of communication. - Dispels depression and melancholy. - Calms an overheated imagination. - Eliminates anger and promotes patience. - Stills jealousy, confusion and doubts, giving self-confidence. - It increases powers of communication, promoting eloquence and strengthening the voice. - It protects the wearer against envy. - This is the stone of blood ties, promoting family unity and love. - Inspires sexual energy. CHALCEDONY. Chalcedony belongs to a cryptocrystalline variety of "Quartz". This group includes the following well known stones: all Agates, Agatised wood, Banded Agates, Bloodstone or Heliotrope, Chalcedony, Carnelian, Chrysophrase, Eyed Agates, Fortification Agates, Hornstone, Jasper, Moss Agate or Mocha stone, Onyx, Plasma, Phrase, Sard, and Sardonyx. Chalcedony itself is a semi transparent stone, sometimes banded, found in a variety of colours ranging from white, to dusty blue and pink. This lovely stone is sedate and discreet, and is therefore said to cure hysteria, depression, and is considered to be generally helpful with mental illness. It protects the wearer against the negativity in others, against irrational fears and delusions, bringing peace. - Banishes fear, delusion and nightmares. - Calms hysteria, lifts depression, and wards off negativity. - It is considered helpful against mental illness. - White Chalcedony: protects against negativity in others, bringing peace and healing. Encourages lactation and maternal feelings. - Blue Chalcedony: promotes the ability to listen, understand and communicate, even in foreign languages. - It promotes pleasure in the contact with others. CHRYSOCOLLA. An opaque stone, with a swirly mixture of peacock green and blue, as well as black and grey. This stone was well known for its healing properties amongst the Native American Indians, where it was used for its calming and strengthening effects. - Soothes fears and dispels doubts. - Frees the personality through self-confidence. - Promotes discretion. - Wards of female disorders. CITRINE. This is a transparent to semi transparent stone. The colour ranges from very light yellow, to orange yellow. In the more cloudy examples there may also be white sections. This transparent yellow stone ensures a sunny cheerful disposition, whilst helping the wearer to focus the mind and to sensibly control his or her emotional life. - Increases physic awareness. - Creates a sunny cheerful disposition. - Makes the wearer able to help him or herself. - Helps attain illumination and to keep the mind focused. - Clarifies thoughts and encourages eloquence. - Imparts a neutral, objective attitude, giving a sensible control over emotional life. - It diminishes destructive tendencies. - Protects against nightmares, encouraging restful sleep. CORAL. Coral is not a stone, but the petrified remains of a living animal. It is now strongly protected, and only included here out of interest due to its ancient history. Because it is actually a living organism, it has also been considered highly magic. It is thought to be lucky by many cultures, associated with sea magic, Venus and the Great Mother. It is easy and cheerful to wear. Said to be very protective of children. - A fragile but potent magic. - A powerful charm against the evil eye. - Confers reason, prudence and wisdom. - Protects children and sailors. DIAMOND. The diamond is the hardest substance in nature. Although it can be found in all colours, to most familiar form is colorless. Unlike other colorless stones, however, Diamonds have light or spark, which makes them look like a burst of white light. Because of this they are usually faceted in order to emphasise this quality. It is made up of carbon, which has undergone enormous pressure, and is a further evolution of common Coal. This fortunate chunk of "Coal" is widely considered the king of all gems because of its brilliance and hardness. It confers an aura of wealth and power to the giver and the recipient. It bestows strength, courage, and rationality and increases the ability for learning. - Confers power, strength and courage. - It has been called a master healer, enhancing the full spectrum of energies. - It dispels prejudice, encouraging objectivity and logic. - Helps to draw abstract truths from experience, and advancing the ability to learn quickly and easily. - Eliminates the causes of sexual dysfunction, and infertility. DUMORTIERITE. This is an opaque stone, which takes a high polish. It is made up of various colours, including violet blue, brown, black, but mostly blue. These colours seem to have been swirled together. It is a more recently discovered stone and therefore there are few traditions relating to its use. It takes its name from its discoverer, Eugene Dumortier. - Bestows a positive attitude as well as a cheerful outlook on life. - It has been used in addiction therapies, and is considered to be anti compulsive. - It provides courage and trust in difficult situations. Helps to gain control over life and to preserve it. Called the "take it easy stone". EMERALD. A transparent to cloudy stone, depending on its quality, belonging to the Beryl family. A distinct green colour, so distinct that the stone lends its name to this particular colour green. The colour can vary from light to dark. Often the stone has inclusions within it, most usually black Tourmaline crystals. This stunning and ambiguously exiting stone has always exercised its mysterious fascination on both sexes. Its positive powers dispel superficiality, strengthening commitment in love and marriage, whilst keeping the wearer youthful in mind and body. - A powerful exorcising stone. - Promotes deep energy. - Keeps the wearer youthful in mind and body. - Dispels superficial seduction, strengthening love and marriage bonds. - Improves vision and moral understanding. - Promotes group co-operation. EPIDOTE/ UNAKITE. Epidote is an opaque stone, which has the specs of being made up of flecks of different shades of olive green, ranging from a creamy green to dark olive. It takes a high polish. Unakite is a slightly different variety where the olive green colour is mixed up with salmon pink sections. This variety is also sometimes called "Flower Jasper". - Encourages recovery and regeneration, restoring positive self-projection. - Helps to overcome frustrations and failure, accepting weakness and mistakes. FLUORITE. A transparent stone, made up of bands, which range in colour from a cool green to violet. These usually blend into one another. One variety, which has no green, and consists of varying shades of violet purple, from very dark, nearly opaque, through lilac to clear, is called "Blue John". This is one of the stones which reacts to UV light. By giving power to the intellect over the emotions, this stone promotes sensible, conscious decisions. These prevail over any angry or impulsive behaviour or prejudiced opinions. - Gives power to the intellect over emotions. - Promotes sensible, conscious decisions. - Subdues angry and impulsive behaviour, or prejudiced opinions. - Unlocks narrow minded, fixed ideas. GARNETS. This stone comes in a variety of colours, which have their own names: Almandine - red, brown to black. Andradite - khaki. brown to black. Grossularite - grey, green through to pink. Hessonite - red, yellow, orange and brown. Melanite - black. Pyrope - dark red. Rhodolite - dark red to reddish violet. Spessardite - yellow, red brown, brown. Uvarovite - emerald green. The most familiar varieties are the red to dark pink, wine coloured Pyropes or Rhodolites. A stone suitable for people who need consolation for losses, and protection from depression and bitterness. It was traditionally worn by widows. It is also the stone of deep and passionate love. It was given between friends and lovers to ensure meeting again. - It lifts depression and fights against the evil that lurks in the depth of the soul. - It protects the wearer by creating a shell of positive vibrations. - Promotes deep and passionate love. - Symbolises affection, and is given between friends to ensure meeting again. - Worn for consolation by widows to ensure them finding a new love. - Aids will power, increasing confidence, courage and endurance. - Helps tap into extra reserves of energy, imparting both mental and physical strength. - Combats depression, and other diseases of the mind and heart, it lifts low spirits and thereby strengthens the aura. - Almandine: Thirst for action, capacity for work, imagination. Andradite: Dynamism, flexibility, creative thoughts. Grossularite: Relaxation. Hessonite: Self respect, spiritual growth. Melanite: Honesty, resistance. Pyrope: Courage, good quality of life, charisma. Rhodolite: Joie de vivre, warmth, sincerity, trust, healthy sexuality. Spessardite: Willingness to help others, strengthens heart, anti-depressive, helps with nightmares and sexual problems. Uvarovite: Individuality, enthusiasm. GOLDSTONE. This is not a real stone, but is artificially created by suspending Copper dust in Glass. It is best known in its rust coloured variety, sometimes used as a stone in signet rings. There is also a variety that has been dyed blue, the result being a very deep purple black colour, reminiscent of an Egyptian night sky, so I have been told. Although it is a synthetic creation it takes on the healing properties of the copper it contains, and is therefore thought to be protective and to attract love. - Attracts love. - Said to be protective. Especially against rheumatism. HAWKS EYE. This is an opaque stone with a very similar aspect to Tigers Eye, but a very dark Prussian blue colour, with golden, green, and sometimes orange bands running through it. It is also called Falcons Eye, or blue Tigers Eye. The iridescent quality of this stone, as it is moved in light, explains how it gives the illusion of an eye, and how it got its name. In the middle Ages, this stone was worn as an amulet against witchcraft, demons and the evil eye. - Promotes fruitful self-analysis. - Helps gain control over complex situations. - Promotes rapid energy. - Helps make sense of seemingly random events. - Bestows an understanding of personal life plan. - Helps take a distance from feelings and emotions, thereby lessening influences of moods. - Helps make decisions. - Buffers the flow of energy and should therefore never be worn continuously for more than a week at the time. HEMATITE. This is a dense, opaque stone, of a very dark metallic grey/black colour. It is sometimes called "Bloodstone", this is because when it is ground or cut, the ensuing dust turns blood red when mixed with water, suggesting to the ancients that the stone was bleeding. This stone has strong healing powers. It is said to bestow strength and courage as well as a focused purpose and resistance to stress. It is considered to be a very powerful healing stone, protecting the wearer by absorbing negativity into itself. - Increases powers of consideration, by helping the wearer to focus on the physical plane. - Gives stability to purpose. - Absorbs negativity and illness into itself. - Bestows fortitude and endurance against stress. - Strengthens the heart, and is very grounding. - Promotes good sleep. IOLITE. Other names for this stone are: Cordierite, Dichroite (meaning in Greek: two coloured), and "Water Sapphire", to which it has no connection. Iolite also comes from Greek, meaning violet coloured. The colour of this stone ranges from a greyish blue to a violet, grey. It is a transparent stone. It was used by the Vikings for navigational purposes due to its very strong qualities of pleochroism, and was therefore sometimes called the "Viking compass". - It is said to increase imagination and all aspects of intuitive creativity. JADE. This stone comes in a variety of colours, ranging from whitish, to pink, lilac, violet and green. The green variety is also known as Jadeite, and the colour can range from a very light creamy mint colour to a dark pine green. It is usually opaque to translucent. Known and used throughout the ages for carving and jewelry making. Subtly soothing, this versatile, and powerful stone, seems to attract all the joyful elements of living, such as love, luck, wealth, a large family, longevity, immortality in Chinese culture. Its influence on the disposition of the wearer is remarkable, bestowing a sense of justice tempered with mercy, as well as a modest patient attitude. - It is believed to attract love, and is given in the hope of receiving love. - It attracts prosperous energies such as wealth, and is therefore thought as being lucky for gamblers. - It creates a positive attitude towards money. - It encourages a large family and longevity. - It brings the wearer a sense of justice and wisdom, tempered by mercy. - Encourages a modest, patient attitude, as well as promoting courage. - Said to open the 3rd eye, and to strengthen mental faculties. JASPER. Jasper is a totally opaque stone, which takes a high to low polish. It comes in a large variety of colours, some of which have separate names of their own. The most usual colours are rust red, brown red, sandy, yellow, brown, and light to dark green. It is not unusual for other unrelated minerals to be referred to as various forms of Jasper, for want of a more precise identification. i.e. "Silver eye" Serpentine is often called "Zebra Jasper", and Epidote (Unakite) is sometimes called "Flower Jasper". Rhyolite, Leopard Skin Jasper or Orbicular Jasper are not Jaspers, but other forms of volcanic rock. Yellow Jasper: burnt yellow. Landscape: sandy cream. Turitella: brown and patterned with the small fossilized snails it contains. Heliotrope: the green variety of Jasper, which has already been dealt with under the heading of "Bloodstone". Silex: the name given to the brick red, rust variety. Breccia: The red variety mixed with cloudy white parts. It produces a variety of positive influences to the wearer according to its colour. These influences range from repelling negative magic to helping shy people express themselves. It is said to protect against dangers associated with water, and promotes peaceful sleep. - All forms of Jasper are thought to impart courage, assertiveness in the sense of dealing with things in a forthright manner. - Stimulates uprightness and honesty. - It helps the wearer come to terms with unpleasant circumstances. - Stimulates the imagination, helping to transform ideas into actions. Red: the most dynamic of the colours. It repels negative magic, returning it to the sender. Strengthens willpower, helping the wearer to achieve goals with determination. Promotes masculine qualities, and feminine grace.
Yellow: Eases communication for people who have trouble expressing themselves. It is considered to be soothing and calming. Bestows endurance. Brown: Brings dreamers down to earth. Mottled: Protects against water dangers. Green: Dispels hallucinations and promotes peaceful sleep as well as bestowing courage. For further information about this variety see the section for Bloodstone. LABRADORITE. This is translucent stone. It usually a brown to whitish grey colour, sometimes containing black inclusions. When it is turned in the light at different angles, it displays a full spectrum of iridescent colours. A relatively new stone, there are therefore few traditions associated with it. It is called "Labradorite" because it was first found of the coast of Labrador. - It is thought to kill illusions, giving stability and helping to shape goals and clear intentions. - Brings back forgotten memories. - Promotes creative introspection. LAPIS LAZULI. An opaque stone, distinctive for its vibrant deep blue colour. It often has Pyrite inclusions, as well as particles of white marble. The name comes from the Persian word "Lazur" which means blue stone. A vibrant cheerful stone considered to strengthen the bonds of love and fidelity between lovers and friends. It is uplifting, soothing and calming, bestowing self-confidence and a gentle, helpful frame of mind. - Draws love to the wearer, and strengthen existing bonds between friends and lovers, encouraging joy and fidelity. - It enhances awareness, promoting will power and liberation from compromise. - Encourages kindness, helpfulness. - Bestows confidence in shy people. - Calms emotions and promotes peaceful, meditative vibrations. - It helps the individual to rule over personal spiritual kingdom. - Creates a gentle and cheerful attitude, lifting depression. - Helpful in breaking the hold of the conscious mind over the subconscious, allowing intuitive impulses to be known. LEPIDOLITE. This is an opaque stone, with a flaky appearance. The colour ranges from creamy lilac, through pink to violet. Another name was "Lilalite". This was given by Abbe Poda, who wanted to make a play of words between the colour and the Hindu word "Lila", which means, "play". - Considered to be a stone of peace. - It allows for personal development to take place inconspicuously. - Helps the wearer to preserve personal space in crowds. - Helps decision-making by neutralizing distracting agents. - Encourages independence, and to realize goals without outside help. MAGNESITE. A totally opaque stone. White in colour with thin grey/black veins running through it. There are also grey, yellow and brown varieties. Originally it was called "Pure Talc Earth". A recently discovered stone with therefore few traditions attached to it. - Encourages a positive attitude towards life. - Helps self-acceptance. - Increases tolerance and patience. - Promotes the ability to take secondary roles gracefully. - Dispels irritation, nervousness, and fearfulness. - Strengthens the ability to listen. MALACHITE. An opaque atone, banded or marbled, mainly light to dark green in colour, but usually also including black. A stone with a very ancient history, and due to its Copper content, always considered to be a woman's stone, and therefore dedicated to Goddesses in almost all cultures. It has been used since medieval times to alleviate menstrual cramps and to aid labour. Because of this it is often called the "Midwifes stone". Such an exiting stone cannot but correspond to powerful magic and energy. It is said to promote success in business, but also helps shy people to cope with circumstances. It rids the wearer of compulsive behaviour patterns and helps uncover underlying traumas, so that these can then be dealt with. The only weakness of this stone is that whilst it brings things out into the open, it is all it does. How to deal with the results of this new awareness is up to the individual. - Promotes success in business. - Rids the owner of shyness and compulsive behaviour. - Brings underlying traumas to the surface. Taking away inhibitions, encouraging the expression of emotions. - Encourages appreciation of aesthetics. - A stone of sensuality. - Promotes friendship, helping to imagine and appreciate the circumstances of others. - Awakens the desire for knowledge, bringing awareness of personal desires, needs and ideals. - Inspires the wearer to experience life more intensely, with a more adventurous attitude, enjoying risks and relying on luck. - Strengthens the ability to observe details and to understand concepts more quickly. MARBLE. MOLDAVITE. Sometimes called "Tektite", it is a translucent bottle green stone, covered with ridges on its surface. Moldavite is the result of splatters of molten rocks that were propelled into the air at the impact of giant meteorite, approximately 15 million years ago. The splatters cooled as they fell back to the ground over a 250-mile radius, in the general area of Moldavia, hence the name of the stone. - Traditionally used for the lovelorn. - It enhances the wearer's clairvoyance, sometimes through dreams and surfacing memories. - It encourages detachment in solving problems, at times by unconventional means. - It is said to fulfill wishes. - Allows the wearer to experience immense spiritual dimensions. - Gives insight into the meaning of the duties of life. - Encourages sympathy and compassion. MOONSTONE. This is a translucent stone, found in a variety of colours ranging from white to peachy, to clear, with an iridescent, sometimes-bluish colour. Again this is a stone with an old history, and, as its name suggests, is traditionally associated with the moon, and therefore women. A feminine stone, unusual and subtle, it dissipates misunderstanding and soothes bitterness. Not only does it enhance the youthful appearance of the woman who wears it, but also it strengthens all feminine qualities. - It dissipates problems between lovers and soothes bitterness. - Enhances all feminine qualities. - Helps maintain a youthful appearance, and mental outlook. - It enhances intuition, and depth of feeling. - It is considered to be protective when traveling over water. - It increases mediumistic abilities, and is used to encourage lucid dreaming at the time of the full moon. - During the waning moon it helps to predict the future. NEPHRITE. This stone is a dark pistachio green, and opaque. Often passed of as Jade, it also sometimes has a fibrous quality reminiscent of Green Aventurine. The name is derived from the Greek word "Nephron", meaning kidney. Its healing traditions are very old, and found throughout the world. Often it was used to carve images of the Gods. - Protects against hostile influences, disabling anyone trying to influence the wearer by applying pressure. - Helps preserve personal identity. - Bestows certainty. - Helps reduce tension and worry. - Helps discharge violent emotions, and dampen aggressions. - Leads to inner peace, by encouraging neutrality and tolerance. - Combats indecisiveness, dissolving doubts and senseless brooding. - Promotes creativity and action. SNOWFLAKE OBSIDIAN. Obsidian is volcanic lava that has cooled very rapidly; not allowing the minerals contained the time to crystallize thus creating volcanic glass. In the case of Snowflake Obsidian, the snowflake effect is formed when some of the grey feldspar contained in the molten lava manages to crystallize. Most Obsidian is an opaque black, and with Snowflake Obsidian the black surface has white flecks on it, like snowflakes. Another example of Obsidian is reddish brown with black flecks on its surface, and is called Mahogany Obsidian. A grey variety is called Silver Obsidian, and yet another variety is iridescent and called Rainbow Obsidian. Man has used obsidian since Palaeolithic times, to make blades for tools and weapons, as well as mirrors and other artifacts. In Mayan cultures these mirrors were employed to predict the future. The name is derived from a Roman called Obsius, who found examples of the stone in what is Ethiopia. This is considered to be a masculine stone, which frees the adventurous spirit of the individual. At the same time it is said to bestow order, organization, and a subtle kind of energy, which combats flightiness and confusion. - A masculine stone. - Considered to be grounding and centring, protecting against dizziness and levity. - Promotes integrity, order and organization. ONYX. This is a black form of Chalcedony. Sometimes banded with white. The reputation of Onyx has not always been good, depending on cultural traditions. Included here are the positive qualities, which are many. The only point of warning is not to take its uses to extremes; i.e. one of the strongest qualities is that it strengthens self-control, but if taken to extremes this can become repression. A stone known through the ages for its versatility. It increases concentration, depth and seriousness of mind, whilst at the same time protecting the wearer from hostile influences. It is believed to be very helpful in settling karmic debts. Onyx should be worn over a long period of time as its effects take some time to unfold, but should not be worn at night during sleep. - Increases concentration, deep thinking, and a serious attitude. - Increases the ability to listen and hear. - Strengthens self-confidence and responsibility. - Bestows spiritual strength. - It frees the wearer from negative influences and protects from risky encounters. - It speaks to the conscience and helps to control passions. - Protective of the sex centre, as it is said to reduce sexual urges. - It brings tranquillity and reserve. - Encourages self-realization, as well as a healthy egotism. - It helps to settle karmic debts. OPAL. This stone comes in a large variety of colours and forms, some of which have their own names: Bluish - Boulder Opal. White - Milk Opal. Black - Black Opal. Green/bluish green - Chrysopal. Yellowish green - Green Opal. Orange - Fire Opal. Transparent - Water Opal. Opaque brown - Wood Opal. Pink - Pink Opal. All Opals are highly iridescent, and most display the full colour spectrum when they are viewed at different angles. Iridescent and awe inspiring, this gem has at times been thought of as unlucky. The only real basis for this idea could be because of its slightly frivolous qualities, for a part from this aspect this stone is considered to be the stone of joy and life. Its wide spectrum of colours is believed to represent the light of life and its magic uniqueness. - It is though to make the wearer invisible. - Stimulates the thirst for life, bringing spontaneity and poetic genius. - Enhances the wearers Eros, which can at times lead to frivolous attachments. - Makes the wearer emotional, seductive, and unconventional, in love with life, filled with optimism. - Helps resolve any problems with sexuality, making sex uninhibited, light-hearted and joyful. Fire Opal: Awakens inner fire, encouraging the wearer to take risks and to initiate actions. Chrysopal: Stimulates a child like curiosity, seeing the world as a huge adventure. Green Opal: Encourages the wearer to find new perspectives and meanings to life. Pink Opal: Activates generosity and warmth towards others. Black Opal: Is thought to store power and energy. PEARL. Pearls are not stones but of organic origin, formed within a variety of shellfish, from the calcification of the animals natural secretions, called "Mother of Pearl". This is produced in order to cover irritating, sharp grains of sand, which have floated into the animal when they open their shells in order to feed on passing plankton. Due to their organic origins, and therefore current controversy attached to them, They are included here, only out of interest due to their ancient history and traditions. They have been venerated in most cultures throughout the ages. The Greeks called them "Margaritas"; the Romans had a special market for them. In Nearly all cultures they are associated with Goddesses, the Moon and the sea. At times they have been considered of as unlucky, and thought to bring tears, but maybe this was due to the fact that until modern times, real danger was involved in fishing them out of the sea, and the extraction of the Pearl itself will after all cause the death of the shellfish. They are found in most colours. The colour depends on particular chemicals in that section of the sea. The most familiar are: white, cream, yellowish, pink, grey, bluish, and black, and all the shades in between. Usually they tend to be round, but they are also found in irregular shapes and these are called "Baroque" Pearls. They symbolise all that is feminine and have been immensely popular throughout the ages. They are thought to attract wealth and good fortune, as well as ensuring a happy marriage. - Enhances all that is feminine. - Spreads loving vibrations, attracting love and ensuring a happy marriage. - Attracts money, riches, luck and good fortune. - They instill courage. Blue: Luck. Black: Luck. Pink: Comfort. Yellow: Health. Red: Intelligence. PERIDOT. This stone is also called: Olivine or Chrysolite. It is a transparent stone, and olive green colour, which ranges from a light, yellowish green to a dark bottle green. This stone has been used in ancient Egypt for jewelry and healing for over four thousand years. In the middle Ages it was used to wards of evil spirits and to bestow wisdom and friendship. - It is said to promote inner vision, giving insights to the future. - Brings inspiration and verbal eloquence. - Protects against the evil eye, as well as envy and any psychic attack. - Relieves terrors, delusions, depression, and melancholia. - Calms emotions and dispels anger. - Said to attract love and wealth. - Helps face personal mistakes and defects and to forgive ourselves. Dispels self-blame, and a bad conscience. - Brings awareness of neglected issues, stimulating the wearer to make amends. PYRITE. This stone is a gold metallic colour and is therefore often called "Fools Gold". The name "Pyrite" means "Fire stone", because it forms sparks when it is struck, and has been used since the Stone Age to start fires. Because of this property it has always been though to be highly magical, and considered to be a "Warming stone". - Promotes inner harmony, which is reflected in relationships with others. - Bestows energy and willpower. - Uncovers secret fears and memories. - Clarifies life circumstances, allowing necessary changes to take place. - Encourages self-realization, confronting the character, both the light and dark sides. QUARTZ. Another large group of rocks, which can be found in all sorts of colours, and usually have individual names of their own. Transparent - Rock Crystal; Violet - Amethyst; Yellow - Citrine; Brown - Cairngorm; Pink - Rose Quartz; Green - Phrase; Green Chatoyant - Cats Eye; Yellow Chatoyant - Tigers Eye; Brown, yellow, red, green and blue with Mica scales - Aventurine; Clear with cracks within it - Iris; Colourless with Rutile crystals suspended within - Needle Stone or Rutilated Quartz; Colourless with black Tourmaline crystals within - Tourmalated Quartz; Light to dark brown transparent - Smoky Quartz. Most of these are dealt with in separate sections. Considered to be positive stones, from cool tender pink to the strange Tourmalated kind. Rose Quartz: - Makes the wearer receptive to love by opening the heart. (pink) - Encourages self-love, romance and the ability to love. - Brings adoration and fidelity in established relationships. - Opens eyes to physical beauty and creativity in all arts. - Bestows gentleness and peace. Rutilated Quartz (clear with golden brown needles): Bestows energy. The healer of the torn and broken. Brings new hope, transmitting uprightness, independence, and spiritual greatness. Helps the wearer to defend him or herself without losing sight of goals. Helps with sexual problems caused by severe tension. Promotes vision, and the ability to think big. Smoky Quartz (brown/blackish color): - Increases fidelity. Promotes tolerance of stress. Helps bear sorrow. Produces great effort in order to cope with hard times and do whatever is necessary. Encourages a realistic outlook on life. Tourmalated Quartz (clear with black tourmaline crystals): - Stimulates astral projections and travels. Dissipates negativity, suppressing evil thoughts. Alleviates isolation and loneliness. RHODOCHROSITE. A "marbled" stone, made up of various shades of pink, ranging from very light to a deep raspberry colour, so much so that it has also been called "Raspberry Spar", as well as "Manganese Spar". Rhodochrosite in Greek means "Rose coloured". - Helpful in moments of extreme physical stress. - Arouses passion, courage and fortitude. - Bestows enthusiasm and dynamism to the mind. - Makes life busy, full of ideas, making work seem easy. - Encourages eroticism and spontaneous expression of feelings. - Brings energy, light heartedness and cheerful attitude. CORUNDUM GROUP. This group contains some very well known stones, again with different names according to their colour: Red - Ruby; Blue - Sapphire; Clear - White Sapphire; Yellow - Yellow Sapphire; Pink - Pink Sapphire; Green - Green Sapphire; Purple/Violet - Violet Sapphire. The most important of these are dealt with under separate headings. RUBY. The name is derived from the Latin "Rubeus", meaning red. It belongs to the Corundum group. The colour ranges from Blood and wine red to Pink. It has an ancient history and has been valued in all cultures. Unanimously considered to be a stone of the sun by all civilizations. It represents the life force, inner fire, passion and love. A masculine stone, said to protect warriors, making the wearer invulnerable and capable of withstanding aggression in all its forms. Bright Pink or red it emanates warmth and energy. - A life loving stone, bringing vigour, passion and warmth. - Protects against all manner of foes, making the wearer invulnerable. - Brings the strength to withstand manipulation, controversy and disputes. - Enforces strength, willpower, energy and confidence. - Replaces sadness and negative thought patterns with joy. - Stimulates spontaneity and sexual activity. SAPPHIRE. This is another member of the Corundum group. It is found in a large variety of colours, ranging from colorless, yellow, pink, violet, green, blue and black. The best known is the blue variety. The blue is a cool shade of blue, whose middle shade often gives its name to the colour. In some examples the colour can be so dark as to seem black, but is on closer inspection a dark Prussian blue. The name comes from the Sanskrit word "Sani", meaning Saturn. It was considered to be a stone of Saturn by most cultures throughout Europe and India. A feminine stone, with strong connections to water, mirroring our best feelings. It lifts the spirits, encourages meditation and wisdom, as well as cosmic awareness and peace of mind. - It banishes envy, cools anger, promoting reconciliation. - It reflects purity, chastity and sincerity. - Inspires meditation, which leads to wisdom. - It is used to relieve depression through cosmic awareness. - Considered to be the stone of friendship and fidelity. SERPENTINE. There are many different forms of Serpentine, some with specific names of their own, depending on their colours. Green - Leaf Serpentine or Antigorite. Silvery and Fibrous - Chrysotile. When the two above are combined in alternating bands - Silver Eye. Pistachio green with darker patches - Leopard Skin Serpentine. Opaque brown with bands of dark brown and black veins - Zebra Jasper. Light yellowish green - Bowenite. The most usual colour is a dark green olive colour. From Roman times until well into the Middle Ages it has been used to protect against disease and sorcery. "Fright stones" were carved from Serpentine into ugly faced amulets, which were supposed to protect against frightening things. - Said to guard against poisonous creatures. - Believed to regulate milk supply in nursing mothers. - It stimulates the urge to solve conflicts. - Can make the wearer excessive in the love of peace. - It establishes boundaries. SODALITE. This stone is opaque, with a mixture of greyish and dark blues, ranging from white, through blue grey to dark blue and nearly black. The meaning of the stone is "Sodium stone". - Healing and promoting peace. - Acts against fear, anger and guilt, calming inner turmoil. - Encourages meditation leading to wisdom. - It is thought to relieve emotional disorders, especially when these are caused by stress. - It relaxes the body and the mind. - It promoted the desire to stand up for personal ideas, helping the wearer to remain true to him or herself. - It increases the desire for freedom. THULITE. An opaque stone, it is a variety of Zoisite. It receives it name from the legendary island of "Thule" of Germanic lore supposed to form the northernmost rim of the world. It is usually reddish or pink, but can be found mixed with greyish green. - Bestows courage in undertakings and challenges. - Encourages sexual impulses but also romantic attachments. - Stimulates curiosity and invention. - Stimulates the life force and helps to live life to the fullest. TIGERS EYE. An opaque stone, with a silky sheen and natural iridescence, which gives the illusion of an eye. Hence the name. The colour usually consists of golden, brown and black shimmering bands, but examples are also found in a reddish brown colour. Unusual and suggestive both in name and appearance, it is thought to produce self-insight, clarity of thought, and the strength of opinions. - This is the stone for the ambitious. - Strengthens courage, confidence, and convictions. - Gives the wearer insight into the self, adding perception and clarity of thought. - Protects against dangers. - Promotes the ability to look into the future as well as delving into past lives. TOPAZ. This stone is transparent, and best known either in its golden whiskey form or, more readily available, in a sky blue form. It has unanimously been thought of as a stone of Jupiter, representing the rule and control over ones own life. In Mexico it was used to find the truth in cases of disagreement. - Encourages self-realization and the shaping of life according to personal wishes. - It brings a breakthrough in spiritual development, especially when this has been laborious and difficult for a long time. - Helps gain wisdom from the vagaries of fate. - Helps to discover inner personal riches, images, abilities, and knowledge. - Encourages openness, honesty, and a fulfilled emotional life. - Brings full awareness of influences exerted based on ability, and real knowledge gained through hard work. TOURMALINES. A transparent stone, which comes in a large variety of colours that all have individual names and qualities. Often there is more than one colour in an individual specimen; these are called "Polychrome Tourmalines". Dravite (brown, yellow, green, grey): - Encourages social commitment and sense of community. Strengthens empathy. Helps with family problems, and apprehension of large groups. Stimulates practical, simple creativity and promotes skill in crafts. Elbaite: - (all colours) Helps combine spirit, soul, intellect and body into a harmonious whole. (Colourless) Stimulates imagery, creative daydreams and nigh dreams. Encourages thinking in images, bringing perfection and imagination. Indicolite (blue): - Strengthens the urge for spiritual freedom. Encourages fidelity, ethics, and a love of truth. Dispels sadness and blocked feelings. Broadens horizons, promoting tolerance and a sense of responsibility. Rubellite (red/pink): Makes the wearer targeted but flexible enough to check goals and correct them when necessary. Makes the wearer sociable and outgoing, ready for action and charming. Helps to actively devote oneself to one task. Verdelite (green): Bestows "Joie de vivre", bringing gratitude for the wonders of life. Promotes patience, openness, and an interest in others. Aids awareness of possible solutions, and which to choose. Schorl (black): - Gives neutrality and a relaxed attitude. Discharges tensions, and protects from negative thoughts, relieving stress. Stimulates clear, logical and rational thought processes. Helps recognize mistakes and analyze them. Watermelon: - Encourages understanding, friendship and love. Helps to express intentions in a clear, focused way. Makes the wearer patient, loving and tender. Alleviates depression, fears, helping to develop an inner sense security. TURQUOISE. An Opaque stone, which, as its name suggests is turquoise in colour. This turquoise colour can range from green to blue. It also sometimes has inclusions of white Marble and Pyrites, much as Lapis Lazuli. However, it receives its name from the country where the Crusaders first came into contact with the stone. A delicate stone, which is easily tarnished from contact with chemicals or grease. In this same way it is thought that the stone will discolor if the health of the wearer deteriorates. - Promotes spontaneous romance and protects true love and innocence. - Ensures marital harmony by encouraging the couple to blend with one another. - Makes the wearer popular and attracts new friendships. - It defends virtue. - Turquoise brings peace of mind, strength for work, an even temper and joyousness. - Guards against negativity from others by absorbing evil and harmful vibrations into itself. ZOISITE. This stone is often a bearer rock for Rubies. It is called Zoisite after its discoverer, Freiherr von Zois. Its appearance is opaque, emerald green in colour with black splashes. - Promotes self-confidence, self-realization, and creativity. - Transforms destructive impulses into a constructive way of life. - Helps to avoid outside influences helping to fulfil personal ideas and desires. - Helps to return to the original point of departure bringing renewed awareness of original intentions.