Herbs and their folk names

ACACIA
Also called Gum Arabic Tree, Cape Gum, or Egyptian Thorn 

AGRIMONY
Also called Church Steeples, Cocklebur, Garclive, Philanthropos, Sticklewort, Stickwort 

ALLSPICE
Also known as Pimento, Jamaica Pepper 

ALMOND
Also called Sweet Almond 

ALOE
Aloe vera or Aloe ssp.)
Also called Burn Plant, Medicine Plant 

ANGELICA
Also called Wild Parsnip, Herb of Angels, Archange, Masterwort, Angel Food 

ANISE
Also called Aniseed, Anneys 

APPLE
Also called Fruit of the Gods, Fruit of the underworld, Silver Branch, The Silver Bough, Tree of Love 

ASAFETIDA
Also called Assyfetida, Devils Dung, Food of the Gods 

ASH TREE
Also called Nion, Common Ash, Weeping Ash 

AVENS
Also known as Colewort, Herb Bennet, City Avens, Wild Rye, Way Bennet, Goldy Star, Clove Root 

BARBERRY
Also known as Berbery, Pipperidge Bush, Berberis Dumetorum 

BASIL
Also called Sweet Basil, Common Basil, Albahaca, American Dittenay, "Our Herb", St. Joseph's Wort, Sweet Basil, Witches Herb 

BAYBERRY
Also called Wax Myrtle, Myrica, Candle Berry, Arbre à suif, Myricæ cortex, Tallow Shrub, Wachsgagle 

BAY LAUREL
Also called Sweet Bay, Bay tree, Baie, Daphne, Grecian Laurel, Laurel, Laurier d'Apollon, Laurier Sauce, Lorbeer, Noble Laurel, Roman Laurel. 

BEARBERRY
Also called Arbutus Uva-Ursi, Uva Ursi 

BEE BALM
Also called Bergamot, Scarlet Monarda, Oswego Tea 

BENZOIN
Also called Ben, Benjamen, Gum Benjamin, Gum Benzoin, Siam Benzoin, Siamese Benzoin, Sumatra Benzoin 

BERGAMOT
Also called Orange Mint, Orange Bergamot
BETONY
Also called Wood Betony, Bishopwort, Lousewort, Purple Betony 

BIRCH
Also called Common Birch, White Birch, Beithe, Bereza, Berke, Beth, Bouleau, Lady of the Woods, Monoecia triandria, B. pubescens, B. verrucosa 

BLACKBERRY
Also called Bly, Bramble, Brombeere, Fingerberry, Bramble-Kite, Bumble-Kite, Cloudberry, Dewberry, Thimbleberry, Brummel, Brameberry, Scaldhead, Brambleberry, R. cuneifolius 

BLACKTHORN
Also called Sloe, Mother of the Wood, Wishing Thorn 

BORAGE
Also called Bugloss, Burrage, Herb of Gladness 

BRIAR ROSE
Also called Wild Rose, Hip, Old Garden Rose 

BROOM
Also known as Scotch Broom, Banal, Basam, Besom, Bisom, Bizzon, Breeam, Broom Tops, Brum, Genista Green Broom, Irish Tops, Link, Irish broom.

CAMPHOR
Also called Laurel Camphor, Gum Camphor 

CARAWAY
Also called Caraway Seed

CARDAMOM
Also known as Amomum Cardamonum, Alpinia Cardamomum, Matonia cardamomu, Cardamomum minus, Amomum repens, Cardamomi Semina, Cardamom Seeds, Malabar, Cardamums, Ebil, Kakelah seghar, Capalaga, Gujattati elachi, Ilachi, Ailum

CARNATION
Also called Pink , Clove Pink, Gillies, Gillieflower, Jove's Flower, Nelka, Scaffold Flower, Sops-In-Wine, Gilly Flower. 

CASSIA
Bastard Cinnamon, Chinese Cinnamon, Cassia lignea, Cassia Bark, Cassia aromaticum, Canton Cassia 

CATNIP
Also called Cat, Catmint, Catnep, Catrup, Cat's Wort, Field Balm, Nepeta, Nip 

CEDARWOOD
Also known as Cedar, Tree of Life, Arbor Vitae or Yellow Cedar 

CELANDINE,
Common Celandine, Garden Celandine 

CHAMOMILE
Also called Roman chamomile, English chamomile, Perennial Chamomile, Wild Chamomile, Camomyle, Chamaimelon, Maythen (Saxon), Whig plant, Heermannchen (German), Manzanilla (Spanish), Ground Apple. 

CHERRY
Also known as Black Cherry, Wild Cherry, Sweet Cherry (P. avium), Virginian Prune, Chokecherry

CINNAMON
Also called Sweet Wood, Laurus cinnamomum 

CINQUEFOIL
Also called Five Fingered Grass, Creeping cinquefoil, Crampweed, Five Fingered Blossom, Goosegrass, Goose Tansy, Moor Grass, Pentaphylon, Silver Cinquefoil, Silverweed, Sunkfield, Synkefoyle, Five Finger Grass, Five Leaved Grass. 

CLARY SAGE
Clarry, Orvale, Toute-bonne, Clear Eye, See Bright, Eyebright 

CLOVE
Also known as Eugenia aromatica 

CLUB MOSS
Also called Selago, Foxtail, Lycopod, Vegetable Sulpher, Wolf Claw or Stag's Horn Moss. Also known as Muscus terrestris repens 

COLTSFOOT
Also called Horsehoof, Horsefoot, Foal's Foot, Coughwort, Hallfoot, Ass's Foot, Foalswort, Fieldhove, Bullsfoot, Donnhove, Pas d'âne (French) 

COMFREY
Also called Slippery Root, Knitbone, Blackwort, Assear, Black Wort, Boneset, Bruisewort, Consolida, Consound, Gum Plant, Healing Herb, Knit Back, Yalluc (Saxon), Ass Ear, Miracle Herb, Wallwort 

CORIANDER
Also called Chinese Parsley, Cilantro, Cilentro, Culantro 

CUMIN
Also called Cumino aigro (Malta) 

CYPRESS
Also called Tree of Death 

DANDELION
Also called Blowball, Cankerwort, Lion's Tooth, Piss-a-Bed, Priest's Crown, Puffball, Swine Snout, White Endive, Wild Endive 

DILL
Also called Aneton, Dill Weed, Dilly, Garden Dill. 

DRAGONS BLOOD
Also called Blood, Blume, Calumus draco, Draconis resina, Sanguis draconis, Dragon's Blood Palm. 

ECHINACEA
Also called Black Sampson, Coneflower, Purple Coneflower, Niggerhead, Rudbeckia, Brauneria pallida 

ELDER 
Also known as Ellhorn (Low Saxon), Hollunder (German), Elderberry, Lady Elder, Black Berried Elder, Old Gal, Old Lady, Pipe Tree, Rob Elder, Tree of Doom, Bour Tree (14th Century), Bore Tree, Elrum, Alhuren, Battree, Hylder, Hylantree, Eldrum (Anglo-Saxon), Sureau (French), Sweet Elder. 

ELECAMPANE
Also called Scabwort, Elf Dock, Wild Sunflower, Horesheal, Velvet Dock 

ELM
Also called, Ulmi cortex, Broad-Leaved Elm, Ulmus suberosa, Common Elm 

EUCALYPTUS
Also called Blue Gum Tree, Stringy Bark Tree 

LEMON EUCALYPTUS
Also called Citron Scented Gum, Lemon Gum 

EYEBRIGHT
Also called Euphrosyne, Red Eyebright, Euphrasia 

FENNEL 
Also called Fenkel, Sweet Fennel, Wild Fennel

FEVERFEW
Also known as Featherfoil, Febrifuge Plant, Flirtwort, Featherfew, Pyrethrum Parthenium, Bachelor's Buttons 

FIR, SILVER
Also known as Birth Tree. 

FLAX
Also called Linseed. 

FOXGLOVE
Also known as Fairy Gloves, Fairy Fingers, Dead Men's Bells, Cow-Flop, Digitalis, Dog;s Finger, Fairy Weed, Fairy Petticoats, Fairy Ghimbles, Floppy-Dock, Floptop Folk's Gloves, Fox Bells, The Great Herb, Mouth, Lusmore, Lus na mbau side (Irish Gaelic), Our Lady's Glove, Witches Bells, Witches Thimbles. 

FRANKINCENSE
Also called Incense, Olibans, Olibanum, Olibanus 

FUMITORY
Also called Earth Smoke, Beggary, Fumus, Vapor, Nidor, Fumus Terræ, Fumiterry, Scheiterigi, Taubenkropp, Kaphnos, Wax Dolls 

GALANGAL
Also known as Low John the Conquerer, Chewing John, China Root, Colic Root, East India Catarrh Root, Galingal, Gargaut, India Root, Kaempferia Gaanga, Rhizoma galangae, Galanga, Kæmpferia Galange, Siamese Ginger

GERANIUM
Also known as Scented Geranium

GINGER
Also called African Ginger 

GINSENG
Also called Sang, Wonder of the World Root, Tartar Root, Five Fingers, Red Berry, Man's Health, Aralia quinquefolia 

HAWTHORN
Also known as May Tree, May Blossom, White Thorn, Bread and Cheese Tree, Gaxels, Hagthorn, Halves, Haw, Hazels, Huath, Ladies Meat, May, May Bush, Mayflower, Quick, Thorn, Tree of Chastity. 

HAZEL
Also called European Filbert, Coll. 

HEATHER
There are more than a thousand cultivars of heather. Also known as Heath, Scottish Heather, Common Heather, Ling. 

HOLLY
Also called Aquifolius, Bat's Wings, Christ's Thorn, Holy Tree, Holm Chaste, Hulm, Hulver Bush, Tinne 

HONEYSUCKLE
Also known as Dutch Honeysuckle, Goat's Leaf, Woodbine 

HOPS
Also known as Beer Flavor, Beer Flower, (I)Flores de Cerveza.

HOREHOUND
Also called Bull's Blood, Eye of the Star, Haran, Hoarhound, Huran, Llwyd y cwn (Welsh), Marrubium, baruil, Seed of Horus, Soldier's Tea, White Horehound 

HORSETAIL
Also called Bottle Brush, Dutch Rushes, Paddock Pipes, Pewterwort, Shavegrass 

HYSSOP
Also called Hyssop Herb, Isopo, Ysopo, Yssop 

IVY
Also known as Common Ivy, Gort, Hedera 

JASMINE
Also called Jessamine, Yasmin, Moonlight on the Grove 

JUNIPER
Also called Enegro, Gemeiner Wachholder (German), Geneva, Gin Berry, Ginepro, Gin Plant, Genévrier, 

LADY'S MANTLE
Also called Lion's Foot, Bear's Foot, Nine Hooks, Leontopodium, Sellaria, Pied-de-Lion (French, Frauenmantle (German) 

LAVENDER
Also called Elf Leaf; Nard; Nardus; Spike, Spikenard,
There are at least 28 species of Lavender. Some of the more common are: English Lavender (Lavendula angustifolia or vera or officinalis); French Lavender (L. dentata sp.); Spike Lavender (L. spica, or latifolia); White Lavender (L. angustifolia var. alba); Pink Lavender (L. angustifolia var. nana rosea); Wooly Lavender (L. lanata); Spanish or Italian Lavender (L. stoechas). 

LEMON
Citrus limon
Citrus medica, Citrus Limoum, Citronnier, Neemoo Lemoo, Limoun, Limone 

LEMON BALM
Also called Melissa, Balm, Bee Balm, Sweet Balm, Sweet Melissa 

LEMONGRASS
Also called Melissa Grass, Sereh 

LEMON VERBENA
Also called Yerba Louisa, Cedron, Herb Louisa, Verveine citronelle or odorante, Lemon-scented Verbena, Aloysia Citriodora, Verbena triphylla, Lippia triphylla 

LICORICE
Also called Liquorice, Lacris (Welsh), Licourice, Lycorys (13th Century), Reglisse (French), Sweet Root, Liquiritia officinalis, Regolizia (Italian), Lacrisse (German) 

LILAC
Also called Common Lilac 

LIME
Citrus acris, Limettæ Fructus 

LINDEN
Also called Lime Tree, Linden Flowers, Linn Flowers, Common Lime, Flores Tiliæ, Tilleul 

LOOSESTRIFE, PURPLE
Also called Blooming Sally, Lythrum, Partyke, Purple Willow Herb, Rainbow Weed, Sage Willow, Salicaire 

LOTUS
Also called Sacred Lotus 

MACE
Also called Arillus Myristicæ, Myristica officinalis, Myristica moschata, Macis, Muscadier 

MARIGOLD
Also known as Calendula, Holigold, Pot Marigold, Bride of the Sun, Drunkard, Goldes, Husbandman's Dial, Marybud, Marygold, Mary Gowles, Ruddes, Oculis chrisi, Ruddles, Spousa solis, Summer's Bride. 

MARJORAM
Also known as Majorana hortensis, Knotted Marjoram, Sweet Marjoram, Wintersweet, Pot Marjoram, Joy of the Mountain, Knotted Marjorane, Marjorlaine, Mountain Mint

MARSH MALLOW
Mallards, Mauls, Schloss Tea, Cheeses, Mortification Root, Guimauve (French) 

MASTIC
Also known as Gum Mastic, Masticke, Lentisk. 

MEADOWSWEET
Also known as Queen of the Meadow, Gravel Root, Meadowwort, Bride of the Meadow, Bridewort, Dollof, Meadwort, Gravel Root, Little Queen, Steeplebush, Trumpet Weed. 

MINTS
Spearmint
Also known as Mentha viridis, Garden Mint, Mackerel Mint, Our Lady's Mint, Green Mint, Spire Mint, Sage of Bethlehem, fish Mint, Menthe de Norte Dame, Erba Santa Maria, Grauen Munze, Lamb Mint 

Peppermint
Also called Brandy Mint 

Wild Mint
Also called Water or Marsh Mint, Whorled Mint, Hairy Mint. Considered to be a variation of Mentha aquatica. 

MISTLETOE
Also known as Birdlime, All-Heal, Druid's Herb, Golden Bough, Holy Wood, Misseltoe, Thunderbesem, Witches Broom, Wood of the Cross, Devil's Fuge, Donnerbesen, Herbe de la Croi, Mystyldyne, Lignum Crucis, Korean mistletoe (Viscum coloratum) 

MUGWORT
Also known as Sailor's Tobacco, Witch Herb, Old Man, Artemis Herb, Hartemisia, Felon Herb, Muggons, Naughty Man, Old Uncle Henry, St. John's Plant, Cingulum Sancti Johannis. 

MULLEIN
Also known as Hag's Taper, Candlewick Plant, Aaron's Rod, Velvet Plant, Shepherd's Club, Blanket Leaf, Flannel Pland, Graveyard Dust, Hedge taper, Jupiter's Staff, Lady's Foxglove, Olm Man's Fennel, Peter's Staff, Shepherd's Herb, Torches, Velvetback, Velvet Plant. 

MYRRH
Also called Gum Myrrh Tree, Daran, Mirra Balsom Odendron, Commiphora Myrrha, Mirra, Morr-Didin, Didthin, Bowl 

OAK, COMMON
Also known as Tanner's Bark, Common Oak, Duir, Jove's Nuts, English Oak
White Oak
Black Oak
Red Oak
English Oak

ORANGE, SWEET
Also called Citrus vulgaris, Citrus Bigaradia, Citrus Aurantium amara, Bigaradier, Gigarade Orange, Bitter Orange, Seville Orange, (Sweet) Portugal Orange, China Orange, Citrus dulcis, Love Fruit 

ORRIS ROOT
Also Called Florentine Iris, Queen Elizabeth Root 

PARSLEY
Also called Devil's Oatmeal, Percely, Persil, Petersilie, Petroselinum, Roc Parsley 

PATCHOULI
Also called Pucha-pot or pucha-pat 

PINE
Also called Oil of Turpentine Tree 

ROSE
Provins Rose
Also referred to as Red Rose especially in The British Pharmacopoeia and the United States Pharmacopoeia
Damask Rose
Musk Rose
Cabbage Rose
Also known as Hundred-leaved Rose
Dog Rose
Wild Rose
Also called Field Rose
Sweet Briar Rose
Also known as Eglantine
Burnet Rose
Also called Scotch Rose or Pimpernel Rose
Downy Rose 

ROSEMARY
Also called Compass Weed, Dew of the Sea, Elf Leaf, Guardrobe, Incensier, Libanotis (Grek), Polar Plant, Sea Dew 

ROWAN
Also known as Mountain Ash, Witchwood, Witchbane, Sorb Apple, Delight of the Eye, Quickbane, Ran Tree, Roden-Quicken-Royan, Ronetree, Thor's Helper, Whitty, Wicken-tree, Wiggin, Wiggy, Wiky, Wild Ash, Witchen. 

RUE
Also known as Herb of Grace, Garden Rue, Herbygrass, Hreow, Mother of the Herbs, Rewe, Ruta. 

SAFFRON
Also known as Autumn Crocus, Crocus, Karcom, Krokos, Kunkuma (Sanskrit), Saffer (Arabic), Spanish Saffron 

SAGE
Also called Garden Sage, Red Sage, Sawge (Old English), Salvia salvatrix, Narrow-leaved White Sage, Broad-leaved White Sage 

ST. JOHN'S WORT
Also called Amber, Fuga daemonum (Latin for Scare-devil), Goat Weed, Herba John, John's Wort, Kamath Weed, Sol Terrestis, Tipton Weed 

SANDALWOOD
Also known as Sandal, Santal, White Sandalwood, White Saunders, Yellow Sandalwood, Sanders Wood 

SPEARMINT
Also called Garden Mint, Our Lady's Mint, Sage of Bethlehem, Erba Santa Maria, Brown Mint, Lamb Mint, Green Mint, Yerba Buena, Green Spine, Mackeral Mint, Mismin (Irish Gaelic). 

STAR ANISE
Also called Chinese Anise 

SUNFLOWER
Also called Corona Solis, Marigold of Peru, Solo Indianus, Chrysanthemum Peruvianum 

TARRAGON
Also called Little Dragon, Herbe au Dragon (French) 

TEA TREE
Also called Melaleuca 

THYME
Also known as Common Thyme, Mother of Thyme, and Garden Thyme. 

TOBACCO
Also called Tabacca, Tabaci Folia 

VALERIAN
Also known as Garden Heliotrope, Vandal Root, St. George's Herb, All-Heal, Amantilla, Bloody Butcher, Capon's Tail, Capon's Trailer, Cat's Valerian, English Valerian, Fragrant Valerian, Phu, Red Valerian, Sete Wale, Set Well 

VERVAIN
Also known as Enchanters Herb, Holy Herb, Verbena, Blue Vervain (V. hastata), Holy Wort, Brittanica , Enchanter's Plant, Herba Sacra, Herb of Enchantment, Herb of Grace, Herb of the Cross Herbe de Sacrée, Juno's Tears, Pigeon's Grass, Pigeonwood, Simpler's Joy, Van-Van, Verbena, Vervan 

VETIVERT
Also called Khus-khus or Vetiver. 

VIOLET
Also called Heartsease, Little Faces, Sweet Violet, Blue Violet and Viola. 

WILLOW
Also known as White Willow, European Willow, Tree of Enchantment, Witches Aspirin, Osier, Pussy Willow, Saille, Salicyn Willow, Saugh Tree, Withe, Withy. 

WITCH HAZEL
Also called Spotted Alder, Winter Bloom, Snapping Hazelnut 

WOAD
Also called Wad (Anglo-Saxon, Guéde (French), Guado (Italian), Pastel (Spanish), Weat (Dutch) 

WOOD ALOE
Also called Lignum Aloes
Also known as Absinthe, Old Woman, Crown for a King, Green Ginger 

YARROW
Also known as Seven Year's Love, Milfoil, Achillea, Arrowroot, Bad Man's Plaything, Carpenter's Weed, Death Flower, Devil's Nettle, Devil's Plaything, Evil's Nettle, Eerie, Field Hops, Gwarwe, Hundred Leaved Gradd, Knight's Milfoil, Knyghten, Lady's Mantle, Militaris, Military Herb, Millefolium, Noble Yarrow, Nosebleed, Old Man's Mustard, Old Man's Pepper, Sanguinary, Snake's Grass, Soldier's Woundwort, Stanch Griss, Stanch Weed, Thousand Seal, WoundWort, Yarroway, Yerw. 

YLANG-YLANG
Also called Flower of Flowers

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